Institut pasteur de Dakar
Accueil | Research and Public Health | Medical zoology | Bio-ecology of populations of Anopheles vectors of Malaria

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The biological, ethological and physiological behaviors of the main vectors of malaria are studied and analyzed in relation to the climate and the environment to better define their vectorial capacity.

The general objective of this axis is to explore and characterize the physical, biological, genetic and environmental determinants of natural populations which govern their evolution in the face of global changes.

These different aspects will be addressed through studies integrating 3 complementary approaches (descriptive, explanatory and predictive) on the biology and ecology of vectors (faunistic inventory, population dynamics, development cycles, longevity, spatial distribution, dispersal, colonization and habitat recolonization…), ethology and physiology (biting behavior, trophic preferences, reproduction, oviposition,…). These studies are carried out based on specific themes or through integrative and transdisciplinary studies.

Projects and partners

    • Project 1. Impact of environmental factors on vector transmission of malaria in Senegal. Funding: Scientific and Technological Research Implulsion Fund (FIRST) of the Senegalese Ministry of Scientific and Technological Research of Senegal. Partners. The Senegal Ecological Monitoring Center (CSE)
    • Project 2. “Quantifying Weather and Climate Impacts on Health in Developing Countries (QWeCi)”. Partners: University of Liverpool (Andy Morse, PI), Senegal Ecological Monitoring Center, Atmosphere Physics Laboratory - Siméon Fongang of UCAD, Senegal (LPA-SF); Funding: UE FP7 Call ENV. 2009.1.2.1.
    • Project 3: Research Capacity for the Implementation of genetic control of mosquitoes “Genetic analysis of wild and reared mosquito population” (INFRAVEC). Funding: INFRASTRUCTURES-2008-1 UE- FP7. Partners: Imperial College London
    • Project 4. EDCTP, Determination of malariometric parameters and immunological and biological characteristics in children in the district of Toubacouta, District of Sokone, Senegal. Funding. European Union / FP7 (EDCTP). Partners. IPD Immunology Unit
    • Project 5. HEALTH, INEgalités, CITIES: a comparative approach of the socio-territorial constructions of health inequalities in secondary cities of West Africa, Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) and Saint-Louis of Senegal (SANTINELLES). Funding: ANR (National Research Agency) Partners: MIVEGEC- Research Institute for Development, UMR (IRD, IED and Paris Descartes University), Hope for Health Program, Saint-Louis, Research Institute in Health Sciences (IRSS) of Bobo-Dioulasso.
    • Project 6. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI). Funding: US government through USAID, WHO and Senegal's PNLP. Partners: PNLP, Direction de l'Hygiène Publique (DHP), SLAP-Thies, UCAD, IRD, CDC Atlanta.
    • [b]Project 7. [/b][b]The generation of biodiversity in mangrove habitats : adaptation to salinity as a selective force driving ecological speciation in [i]Anopheles [/i]mosquitoes (PROJET PEPS[/b] MANGROVES[b])[/b]
    • Funding: CNRS (France). Partners: IRD Infectious Diseases and Vectors Unit: Ecology, Genetics, Evolution and Control (MIVEGEC).
    • Project 8: Deciphering the impact of Plasmodium / Trypanosoma co-infections on the vectorial capacity of Anopheles mosquitoes. Study of the impact of Plasmodium and Trypanosoma co-infection on the vectorial capacity of Anopheles. Funding: PTR. Partners: Genetic and Genomic Unit of Insect Vectors URA3012-CNRS (IPP), Trypanosome Cell Biology Unit, CNRS URA2581 & Parasitology Department (IPP).