Institut pasteur de Dakar
Accueil | Research and Public Health | Medical zoology | Bio-ecology and spatio-temporal dynamics of vectors

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La dynamique du comportement éthologique et physiologique des vecteurs est étudiée dans différentes et classes écologiques puis analysée en relation avec certains paramètres climatiques.

In this theme, the biological parameters of vectors are studied and their spatio-temporal distribution to identify shared spaces favorable to human-vector-virus interaction. Indeed, although many cycles of sylvatic arbovirus amplification have been observed, their repercussions in human and animal populations seem to have little or no evidence. The scarcity or absence of human cases raises questions about the interconnection between these sylvatic / enzootic cycles and potential epidemic cycles. It also raises the question of the efficiency of the vector system and more specifically the existence of vector-human-virus contact to ensure epidemic emergence. The approach used is based on a system of sampling vectors in microhabitats selected and classified from satellite images. Mathematical models are used to analyze environmental or climatic entomological parameters with a view to identifying risk factors but also to predict periods and places of high vector pressure.

Projects and partners

    • Project 1.,Research Infrastructures for the control of vectorborne diseases (INFRAVEC 2). [b][u]Financement[/u][/b] EU-H2020. [b][u]Partenaires [/u]:MIVEGEC-IRD, IPP[/b]
    • [b]Project 2.[/b]. A Global Alliance for Zika Virus Control and Prevention (ZIKALLIANCE). [b][u]Financement[/u][/b] EU-H2020. [b][u]Partenaires [/u][/b][b]:MIVEGEC-IRD, IPP[/b]
    • Project 3. Environmental changes, the movement of goods and people: from the invasion of reservoirs to the emergence of anthropozoonoses. The case of the black RAt in the Senegalese-Malian space (CHANCIRA). Funding: ARN. Partners: UMR 912 SESSTIM INSERM - IRD - U2 (which ensures the general coordination by Dr Pascal Handschumacher),, the Faculty of geography UdS, UMR SE4S, (IRD, CNRS, INRA, University of Strasbourg) of IRD, PRODIG ( Joint CNRS, IRD) and IPD (UEM-UAVFH) unit.
    • Project 4. HEALTH, INEgalités, CITIES: a comparative approach of socio-territorial constructions of health inequalities in secondary cities of West Africa, Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) and Saint-Louis of Senegal (SANTINELLES). Funding: ANR (National Research Agency) Partners: MIVEGEC- Research Institute for Development, UMR (IRD, IED and Paris Descartes University), Hope for Health Program, Saint-Louis, Research Institute in Health Sciences , Bobo-Dioulasso.
    • Project 5. “Quantifying Weather and Climate Impacts on Health in Developing Countries (QWeCi)”. Partners: University of Liverpool (Andy Morse, PI), Senegal Ecological Monitoring Center, Atmosphere Physics Laboratory - Siméon Fongang of UCAD, Senegal (LPA-SF); Funding: UE FP7 Call ENV. 2009.1.2.1.
    • Project 6. Mechanisms of emergence of dengue and Chikungunya viruses in Senegal. Funding: NIH. Partners: IPD (UEM-UAVFH), University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), Galveston USA (Scott Weaver, PI), New Mexico University (US), John Hopkings University USA, Ministry of Health and the Army Health Service (Senegal).
    • Project 7. “Impacts of climate change on the emergence of vectors of Rift Valley fever in Senegal: adaptation and strategy for better management of pastoralism in the Sahel” Partners: National Center for Space Studies (CNES) (Murielle Lafaye) , PI), France, Météo France, the Association Reflets Toulouse, Directorate of Veterinary Service, Senegal (DSV) and CSE Senegal; Funding: MEEDDAT - GICC
    • [b]Project 8. «[/b][b]Emerging Diseases in a Changing European Environment (EDEN[/b])[b]». [/b][b][u]Financement[/u][/b] : UE-FP6. [b][u]Partenaires[/u][/b] : IPD (UEM-UAVFH), IRD, ISRA, CIRAD (Renaud Lancelot, PI) et IAV du Maroc.
    • Project 9. European West Nile collaborative research project. Funding: UE- FP7 HEALTH.2010.2.3.3-3. Partners: IPD (UAVFH & UEM) and the Carlos III Institute of Health (ISCIII) of Spain as part of a consortium of 14 institutions from various countries (France, Italy, Spain, Israel, Czech Republic, Senegal). PI: Dr Antonio Tenorio ISCIII, Spain.